Mental Health in Students

1. ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactive disorder or ADHD is a disorder that is characterized by the inability to pay attention, difficulty controlling behaviors and hyperactivity that can affects one’s behavioral, social, or academic function.
What are symptoms of ADHD?
Easily distracted or difficulty focusing on one task
Miss details and/or make mistakes often
Difficulty completing tasks
Bored easily while doing tasks
Constantly in motion or fidget/squirm when seated
Talks excessively or very impatient
Difficulty doing tasks quietly
Restless
Unrestrained emotions or interrupts conversations

 

2. Depression/Suicide

What are the symptoms of depression?
Fatigue, loss of interest or pleasure in activities
Insomnia, feelings of guilt or worthlessness
Weight gain or weight loss
Thoughts or death or suicide
Decreased or increase in appetite
Inability to concentrate

 

3.Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety is disorder that is characterized by persistent worrying that leads to constant distress or impairment that occurs on most days for at least 6 months

What are symptoms of anxiety?
Difficulty concentrating, restlessness, sleep disturbances, irritability, shakiness, fear of impending doom, racing thoughts, palpitations

 

4. Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorders is a mood disorders that is characterized by mania, hypomania or depression.
There are two subtypes of bipolar: Bipolar I and Bipolar II.

Bipolar I disorder is one that includes mania with occasional depressive episodes. Mania is abnormal or elevated mood which causes a impairment of social or occupation function.
What are the symptoms of Bipolar I?
Hyperactivity including decreased need for sleep, disorganized thoughts, easily distracted, impaired judgement
Inflated self-esteem or irritable
Impulsivity including increase in risk-taking behaviors such as hypersexuality
Psychotic features including paranoia, hallucinations and delusions

Bipolar II disorder is one that occurs hypomania with major depressive episodes
What are the symptoms of Bipolar II?
Symptoms similar to hypermania including short period of elevated self-esteem or irritability
Decreased need for sleep
Racing thoughts, distracted, and increase impulsivity
Does NOT cause marked impairment in the individual with no psychotic features

 

5. Sleeping issues and disorders

What are the symptoms of sleeping issues?
Difficulty falling or staying asleep
Impaired daytime function and sleepiness
Fatigue or malaise
Difficulty concentrating or paying attention
Decreased energy

 

6. Eating disorders

Anorexia nervosa is the inability to maintain normal body weight due to the fear of gaining weight
What are the symptoms of anorexia?
Dieting, fasting, reduced calorie intake
Excessive exercise
Self-induced vomiting or administration of diuretic, laxatives, enemas unnecessarily

Bulimia nervosa is recurrence of purge eating followed by behaviors to prevent weight gain.
What are the symptoms of bulimia?
Episodes of binge eating followed by self-induced vomiting or the administration of diuretic, laxatives or enemas in attempt to not gain weight

7. Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder that is associated with chronic or recurrent psychosis. Psychosis must occur > 6 months in duration and usually consist or either hallucinations, delusional thoughts or disorganized speech

What are the symptoms of schizophrenia?
Hallucinations: hearing voices, visual disturbances, sensitivity to smells, feeling of things on skin, tasting hallucinations- tasting poison in food, feelings arising from the body
Delusions- believes others wish to harm patient, events occurring are directed towards to the patient, others trying to control patients thoughts, beliefs that someone is unfaithful or another person is in love to them
Others sx include: flat emotional, withdrawn

8. Addiction and Substance Abuse Disorder

Addiction is the dependence for a particular drug or alcohol that is usually associated with symptoms once the substance is discontinued

What are the symptoms of withdrawal?
Tobacco- cravings, anxiety, irritability, depression or sleep disturbances that are associated with nicotine
Opioid- Nausea, vomiting, tachycardia, abdominal pain, flu-like symptoms, diarrhea, sweating, pupil dilation that is associated with withdrawal from medications such as heroin, oxycodone, morphine and codeine
Alcohol- Tremors, anxiety, palpitations, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, hallucinations, or tachycardia that is associated with the withdrawal of alcohol

9. Self- injury

What are the symptoms of self-injury
Racing thoughts of harming self or passively wishing half to self
Thoughts or engagement in the destruction of one’s body
Hopelessness or depression
Withdrawn or changes in personality
Suicide threats

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