Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the blood levels of sugar are elevated. There are two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed at a young age where the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is involved in bringing sugar from the blood and into the cells. If insulin is not produced, that sugar remains in the bloodstream and becomes elevated.
Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed later in life. The issue with type 2 diabetes is that either the body does not respond to the insulin that is in the body, or the body does not have enough insulin, or both.
Diabetes symptoms may involve:
- Random weight loss
- Being very thirsty
- Urinating frequently
- Blurry vision
Complications can occur if diabetes is not controlled. These complications can include:
- Kidney disease
- Eye disease
- Heart attacks
- Numbness or tingling in hands and feet
- Amputation from infection
Type 1 diabetes is managed by giving insulin. However, Type 2 diabetes may be managed with dietary changes and weight loss. If this is not enough, you may need oral medications and or insulin injections. Once diabetes is diagnosed, routine management and follow ups with a healthcare provider will be necessary. If you have diabetes, please consult a healthcare provider to make sure your diabetes is well controlled.